proportional representation

proportional representation
1) пол. пропорциональное представительство, пропорциональная избирательная система [система представительства\] (избирательная система, при которой доля мест избирательного объединения в избираемом органе пропорциональна доле полученных им голосов избирателей)
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2) упр., фин. пропорциональное представительство (метод голосования акционеров на выборах в совет директоров, при котором голосующий акционер не обязан выбирать несколько кандидатов на каждое из мест в совете директоров, а может отдать все свои голоса за одного кандидата)
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пропорциональное представительство: метод голосования акционеров при выборах директоров, при котором владельцы определенного класса акций имеют право выбирать фиксированное число директоров или могут умножать число своих голосов на число вакансий и отдавать их все за одного кандидата (для защиты прав мелких акционеров); другой пример - предоставление права голоса владельцам привилегированных акций в случае невыплаты причитающегося дивиденда; см. cumulative voting.

Англо-русский экономический словарь.

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  • Proportional representation — (sometimes referred to as full representation, or PR), is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes that groups of candidates (grouped by a certain measure) obtain in elections and the percentage of… …   Wikipedia

  • proportional representation — n. a system of voting that gives minority parties representation in a legislature in proportion to their popular vote …   English World dictionary

  • proportional representation — n. System of election that distributes seats in proportion to the number of votes cast for particular candidates or parties. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

  • proportional representation — ► NOUN ▪ an electoral system in which parties gain seats in proportion to the number of votes cast for them …   English terms dictionary

  • proportional representation — a method of voting by which political parties are given legislative representation in proportion to their popular vote. [1865 70] * * * Electoral system in which the share of seats held by a political party in the legislature closely matches the… …   Universalium

  • proportional representation — noun representation of all parties in proportion to their popular vote • Hypernyms: ↑representation * * * noun [noncount] : a system in which the number of seats held by members of a political party in a legislature (such as a parliament) is… …   Useful english dictionary

  • proportional representation — A method of stockholder voting that allows minority shareholders and groups of small shareholders to have a better chance of getting representation on a Board of Directors than under statutory voting. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * *… …   Financial and business terms

  • proportional representation — A method of election which gives representation to minority interests. In connection with elections for political office, the Supreme Court has held that the Constitution does not require proportional representation. Davis v. Bandemer, 478 U.S.… …   Black's law dictionary

  • proportional representation — N UNCOUNT Proportional representation is a system of voting in which each political party is represented in a parliament or legislature in proportion to the number of people who vote for it in an election …   English dictionary

  • proportional representation — (PR)    The name given to a series of electoral systems in which there is a broad proximity in the ratio of votes obtained in the election to seats won in the legislature. PR systems make use of multi member constituencies or districts which… …   Glossary of UK Government and Politics

  • proportional representation — /prəˌpɔʃənəl rɛprəzɛnˈteɪʃən / (say pruh.pawshuhnuhl repruhzen tayshuhn) noun 1. a system of electing representatives to a legislative body in which there are a number of members representing any one electorate. The number of successful… …  


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